The betta fish is a freshwater fish and comes in beautiful and extraordinary patterns. It is one of the easiest to look after and also the most inexpensive one to keep. It doesn’t need much care and attention. Just follow the following simple methods of looking after them and you will have healthy fish.
It is an ideal first time fish and makes a marvellous pet for children to look after. I had my first one when I was about 8 years old. Their life span is about 2 years and comes in many colours such as red, blue, green, purple and white. The males are of much brighter and are more colourful than the females and have larger fins. They are usually about 3 inches long and originate from Thailand, Malaysia some parts of China, Vietnam and Indonesia. They are found in shallow waters, such as ponds, rice paddies and slow moving streams.
Even though Bettas look like normal fish, they are unlike most because they can breathe air the same as humans. It does this by coming to the surface of the water. This is why they are easy to keep, it is not necessary to have an air pump or filtration. Also there is no need for aeration of the tank. They do well in small bowls, but I advise you to use an aquarium that holds 3 gallons, giving room for decorative items, such as, rocks, plastic items etc.,
Never keep two males in the same tank as they will fight to the death (as the common name suggests, Siamese fighting fish). You can keep more than one female in the same tank. Bettas can be kept with other fish. They only fight with their own species, but you must make sure that you don’t put other aggressive fish in that may nip the betta’s fins.
Never over-feed the bettas, once a day is quite enough, but if you do wan to feed it more, make sure you don’t put in more than it takes a couple of minutes to eat. If you do put too much in, make sure you don’t leave the uneaten food in the water. A good food for bettas is dried brine shrimps or freeze dried blood worms, both of which can be got from most pet stores. Bettas don’t like flake food much, but will eat it sometimes. Another food they don’t like is freeze dried worm cubes. Ask your pet store owner which ones they recommend as they sell many foods that are ideal for bettas.
Change the water when it turns a little cloudy. Put the fresh water into a different bowl filled with the decorations of your choice, such as, rocks, plastic plants and shells etc., then let the new water stand for about twenty four hours so that the chemicals are released. It will then be okay to transfer the better into the new water. Remember to make sure that the new water is at the optimum temperature mentioned above. Let the water age at least 24 hours, to let the chlorine dissipate. When the betta has been relocated, clean the dirty bowl and decorations with mild soap, then rinse thoroughly.
The bettas are quite good at jumping, so keep a lid on the tank. Make sure that you have holes in the lid for the reason given above. The betta fish needs fresh air. Another good thing to have in the tank is a live plant as Bettas enjoy resting on the leaves. There is a plant named “Betta Bulbs” that will be great to use. To put a plant in the tank you must put in some gravel, but don’t forget that gravel gets dirty very quickly and needs to be cleaned regularly.
Keep the tank in a warm spot, the temperature needs to be between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.