Complete Guide to Betta Fish and Betta Fish Tanks

Are you looking for top quality bettas ? Do you know what to look for and the telltale signs that the Betta is healthy? You wouldn’t want to get sick fish for your aquarium.

Here are some tips for choosing the right Betta fish.

Environment – Ensure that the Betta aquarium in the pet store is clean with no signs of debris or leftover food. Make sure that the water is clean and check for odors in the Betta tank.

Betta physique – A Betta fish has a smooth, even body and scales. These fish also have brightly colored scales so be sure to check on that. Check for bumps or lumps on the body. White patches on the Betta Fish’s body could be a sign of infection so be sure to check on those too. A swollen stomach is another common illness in Betta fish for sale, so check for on those as well. Make sure the eyes are clear, and show no signs of bulging or sinking.

Activity – A Betta fish that is healthy will be identified by bubbles on the surface of the Betta tank. This usually means that the Betta fish for sale is happy and active. Inactivity is not a sign of poor health, but you wouldn’t want a fish that is dormant.


Betta Fish Tanks

Choosing the right Betta fish tank can be challenging, when you do not know what to consider when buying a Betta tank. Below are a few tips when buying a Betta aquarium.

Size – Betta fish are used to living in shallow ponds and streams, so look for a Betta tank that is great in length rather than height. Betta fish tanks can be 5 gallons, but consider the number of Betta fish you have. Females can live together in the same Betta aquarium but two males cannot.

Filters – It is necessary to have filters in Betta aquariums, however, it is recommended that the tank water remains as still as possible since Betta fish despise strong flowing currents. It slows their movement.

Water – The water should not be distilled since Betta fish require the nutrients that are in tap water. Distilled water might be clean, but it is not healthy for this fish variety.

Heaters – Betta fish come from tropical water where temperatures are about 80 °F, so definitely. Betta tanks must have heaters.

Ensuring you get a good Betta fish tank is important because it is where the Betta fish will spend its whole life. Make sure the fish’s environment is comfortable by following the above guidelines and in case of more information, please talk to us and we’ll be sure to help.

Talking About Betta Fish Care The Correct Way and Deep Details

The first thing that you need to consider when caring for betta fish, is their diet. You might have to go somewhere that sells betta fish top quality food with expert advices. Betta fish are carnivorous animals and they mainly feed off zooplankton and larvae when they are in the wild, however they are not fed these in captivity.

What do betta fish eat?

The usual diet for a betta fish in captivity, would consist of daphnia, bloodworms and brine shrimp. A popular betta fish food, is combination betta pellets, which is basically just a mash up of all the normal food that you would normally feed a betta, except it also has some added vitamins, to boost your betta’s immune system and help it maintain it’s color. Personally, I believe that the combination betta pellets are the best type of food for your betta to have due to the fact that they have added vitamins that your betta would normally miss when just eating bloodworms, daphnia and brine shrimp alone. Some people swear by different types of betta food, but in my experience, I find that combination betta pellets work best.

I often find that varying my betta’s diet helps it to maintain it’s beautiful colors and helps it stay healthy. Varying your betta’s diet will lead to a more varied and balanced diet, which often increases the protein intake of your betta, which will help to repair your betta should it ever get injured.

From my personal experience I often find that giving my betta a set amount of food each day, can be quite harmful to the betta. One thing that I notice, is that when I put too much food in, some of it gets left over, causing bacteria to grow and this can often lead to your betta getting sick more often. I like to break up my betta’s feeding times to between 2-3 times a day. Some days I will give him 2 lots of his food and on others I will give him 3. I do this, because I find that it tends to reduce the amount of food left over after he is finished eating.

When you are choosing what food to give to your betta, keep in mind that betta fish  usually eat from the surface of the water when they are in the wild and so they have a slightly upturned mouth, meaning that it is best if you can buy food that floats, as this will make it so much easier for your betta to eat.

I find that the best thing to do when you are learning about betta care, is to simply experiment within my guidelines and see what works best, because all betta fish are different and some may have a preference. That is just something that you will have to accept as part of the learning process.


What are the right tank conditions?

People who are new to betta fish care often ask me what the right tank conditions are for their betta. They often tell me that they hear a lot of contradictory advice. Hopefully I will iron out a few myths about caring for betta fish in the next few paragraphs.

The water in your betta fish’s tank does need to be changed often. Lots of people say every two weeks, however I find that changing it every week gives much better results and my betta seems a lot happier when I change the water weekly. You should avoid changing all of the water in your betta’s tank at once, because this will cause a big shock to your betta because the chemistry of the water will have changed so much. I always try to change about 10-15% of the water every week , so that the betta gets the best balance of a healthy tank, female betta fish without having to go through a big change in conditions. Please note that you need to do this even if you have a filtering system, because the filtering system does not get rid of all of the bad chemicals.

The temperature of the tank needs to be maintained at around 75 degrees Fahrenheit to keep the betta comfortable. Make sure you measure the temperature when you change the water. The temperature needs to be so specific, because betta fish originate from Asia, where they were used to temperatures of 80 degrees Fahrenheit plus.


Transporting your betta

The easiest way to transport your betta is to go to your local pet store and ask for betta transfer cups, but I would imagine that most places sell them. I don’t know the exact name for them, but I have used them a lot and they do a good job. It is basically like a plastic cup/tub thing that has a plastic sheet across the top. You need to put holes in the plastic sheet, so that the betta can get air.

Hopefully this has provided you with enough basic info to make you confident that you will be happy caring for betta fish, although don’t worry, because it can be hard to learn betta care from just a small article. I have put together a completely free betta care secrets email course, where I take you step by step through exactly how to care for your betta. If you would like to learn more about betta care then, I recommend that you sign up for it on the form below. Thanks for reading and good luck!

Betta Fish Disease : TUBERCULOSIS , Info, Symptoms and Treatment


This is probably the deadliest of fish diseases. This is caused by a bacteria called mycobacteriosis. It can mimic a large variety of other diseases, making it hard to diagnosis mycobacteriosis. This is a slowly affecting disease that may take up to 6 months to affect fish. Ultimately, the bacteria will attack the internal organs, especially liver and kidneys and cause organ failure followed by sudden death of your fish.



This is the only fish disease known to be contagious to man. however, unless you have a very infected tank and stick your hands which has some cuts OR if you have a weak immune system, you will probably never catch it from sick fish. Fish tuberculosis can be resident in water but has also been linked to live foods .Researchers found cases of live foods infected by tuberculosis etc and is mainly passed by eating contaminated live food, or eating a dead fish that was a carrier, etc. Its better to not to feed any live foods to bettas (live worms etc), just to be on the safe side. However, micro worms, vinegar eel as well as any home hatched brine shrimp are 100% safe and mycobacteriosis free.


  • Fish Lose weight
  • Fish Deteriorate showing deformities.
  • Fish may or may not have raised scales, body/fin rot, red patches.
  • If you find lot of fish dead suddenly in your tank, its mostly TB
    Fish lose appetite
  • Fish remains in seclusion and out of site rapid breathing (respiration)
  • Fish’s eyes appear to be cloudy or “popping out”
  • Fish lies on its side near bottom of aquarium
  • Fish’s stomach of fish appears to be sunken
  • Fish may or may not have whitish blotches on exterior


NO cure :(((

If you find more dish dead suddenly one day, immediately quarantine other fish into a seperate bowl in which no other fish were living before. These fish may or may not have been affected with TB yet. so let them be in a new tank for sometime till you confirm TB on them. Never mix them with other fish.

You will probably have to throw away all bowl, tank, fish gear, plants and all those things in the infected tank/bowl because regular bleach does not kill this nasty bug.

Stay away from live food and from sickly looking pet store bettas and as I said select your fish suppliers carefully.

Never dip you hand into a infected tank.

Betta Fish Tanks Should Be Temperature-Controlled And PH Regulated

Betta fish can be the pride of its owner. It is brilliant underwater specie and its appearance is just majestic when in full flow. However, it is important to give it a perfect habitat. Betta fish tanks must be well managed for keeping these wonderful pets in full bloom. It is common knowledge how a mélange of diseases can creep up if the pH value, temperature or cleanliness of the tanks is jeopardized in any way.


Betta fish tanks

Those who keep Betta in small bowls must first understand its geography of habitat and related aspects, Betta is also known as Siamese fighting fish. This is because it was first reported from Siam or what is known as Thailand today. Naturally, a fish growing in tropical climate requires heat to live a fit life. If temperature drops below 25 degree Celsius, Betta finds it quite hard to adjust. This argument completely defeats the notion that Betta can be kept in a tiny bowl that is not temperature-controlled.

Bettas should be kept in tanks where water is roughly neutral. In fact, the tanks should have a small tilt towards acidity. Measuring pH value for betta fish tanks thus becomes a very important part of its caring process. Also, it is worth noting that Betta finds fluent water movement to be a hindrance.

This can again be traced back to its natural habitat. Betta does best in shallow ponds and very slow moving rivulets. Obviously, it finds its existence hampered by those collectors who use power heads and strong filters for their water tanks. Ideally, one must try and keep water movement to the minimum inside betta fish tanks.

It is not conducive to keep the male Bettas together in one single aquarium. However, the female specie is not a big troublemaker and can live cordially together in one tank. Generally, Betta is kept in a tank all by itself. About a couple of gallons of water is considered enough for keeping a single fish hale and hearty. If your Betta has suffered from ICK syndrome in the past, it is prudent to remove any rock that you might have kept inside a tank earlier.

Betta Fish Fighting

The fight can occur in any container, usually with no plants etc… The fishes are added and they will….fight.

These fights usually dont last very long, one of the fighters will give up.

Truth of Betta Fish Fighting

The truth is most bettas males dont die after fights. Well in the ring. Some may die due to their wounds if they are not treated by the owner. so the reason why people may say they fight to the death is either they are marons or the fishes die due to battle wounds which arent treated.

Betta Fish Bowl Water

Chances are you got your betta fish at a pet store of some kind. If you had the typical experience, you got a person that told you nothing about the water requirements for your betta or anything else about betta fish care. They may or may not have told you that you needed to change the water, but gave you no guidance. Actually, when you got home and got a good smell of the water your betta was in, you decided to change the water out.

You may be inclined to think that any water will do. Most clean water looks, smells and tastes the same, unless it came out of a toilet bowl or something like that, right? Seriously though, different sources of water produce water that has many different characteristics. There are many invisible, and hard to distinguish factors that can have a bad effect on your betta. These invisible things could actually kill your betta.

Here are a couple of water parameters that you should keep in mind when taking care of your betta:

Water pH.

Without getting into a chemistry conversation, pH is a measure of the acidity of the water. If you think about what acid does, you’ll understand the importance of keeping an eye on this measure. The range goes from 0-14 and the lower the number, the higher the acidity. A pH of 7 is a neutral reading, meaning that the water is neither acidic nor basic.

The thing with the pH level of water, is that it’s tied closely to the source of the water.

Typically speaking, if your water comes from an underground source and has been seeped through lots of different rocks, it probably has a lot of dissolved minerals in it. Water with a lot of minerals disolved in it
is called “hard water”. Water from lakes or ponds, where maybe there was a lot of decaying materials etc. usually has more acidity to it but is called “soft water.” In some places, the rain water collects so many chemicals as it makes its way through the atmosphere that by the time it reaches the ground it’s called “acid rain.”

Lots of mineral in suspension = hard water = high pH. The opposite is also true, less minerals = soft water = low pH.

The only way to tell if your water has high or low pH is to measure it with a pH test kit. The test kits are cheap, but you must have one in order to test the acidity of the water. Most water in the US will test between 6-8, but hardly any water will test at the magical 7 without being treated.

Most tropical fish, such as bettas need water that has a neutral pH, meaning the water should test at a 7. To adjust the pH of the water, you need to add “pH up” or “pH down” depending on the case to the water, until it tests at a 7.


Any adjustments to the pH must be done gradually. Bettas, like most fish, are very sensitive to sudden fluctuations in their water environment. Only add a few drops at a time of either solution to keep the change as gradual as possible.

Water Temperature

Fish are very sensitive to the temperature of their water.

Tropical fish like water temperatures between 75F and 82F. You may need to get a heater to keep the water within that temperature range, specially if you have a large tank. When it comes to water heaters for your fish tank, you really do get what you pay for, so get the best quality heater that you can afford. You do not need a heater if your tank is smaller than 5 gallons since you may end up cooking your fish.

Regardless of the size of your tank, water temperature, is something that you can’t see, so you’ll need to have a thermometer for your tank. Just use one of those that stick to the side of the tank and you should be fine.

Betta Fish Types

Betta Fishes are one of the favorites of all the fishes out there in the industry. Fish lovers have always been crazy about these tiny little color fishes, who are also known as Siamese Fighting Fishes. Although, Betta fish is very common in European countries like Germany, Finland, few Asian countries, etc., the demand for the fish has simply grown in other parts of the world too.

Betta fish is usually bred in variety of types, with different colors, color patterns and tail forms and this experimentation has proven to be highly successful for Betta fish dealers. In fact, many of them still use their creative skills and try to develop the Royal Blue/Green Complex, the double tailed varieties, etc., And guess what? Most of the dealers use absolutely natural and healthy breeding techniques with varied Betta fish types.



Types of Betta Fishes

Betta Fishes are found in several different types depending upon their color, their tail shape, their behavior and a lot. Here are some of the most famous types of this fish:


Have you heard of the Bubblenester type? Well, it is one of the most critical types of Betta fish and the groups contain several different fishes. Bubblenesters are basically fishes that create nests causing floating masses of bubbles, and fishes that build these kinds of bubblenests are known as aphrophils.

Now, there are specific groups of bubblenesters (Betta fishes) and each group contains several different fishes based on the above mentioned factors. Some of the groups are listed below:

1. Betta Bellica
2. Betta Splendens
3. Betta Coccina

Each group is significant in its own ways; however, from my understanding, Betta Splendens are more common than the other two.


Moutherbrooders are the Betta fishes that hold their baby fishes in their mouths and take care of them for a limited amount of time till they can manage themselves. You might find parenting phenomenon among few land habitats like wild cats, etc. This particular characteristic of moutherbrooders has made them so famous that almost everybody, especially children love to have them.
Moutherbrooders are basically divided into two types; namely:

Paternal Moutherbrooder

In parental moutherbrooder, the male usually first takes care of the eggs and even carries the baby Betta fishes in its mouth. Few other examples of moutherbrooder, apart from the Betta, are Ariospsis Felis, Arowana and few Cichlids including Tilapines.

Maternal Moutherbrooder

Unlike the paternal, in maternal moutherbrooder type, the female takes care of the baby fish. From studies, it was found that, there are more number of maternal moutherbroder than the paternal moutherbrooders. Apparently, these are found mainly in African and South American Cichlids and it is rarely seen among Betta.
Moutherbrooder Betta fishes are again classified into several groups; here are some of them:

• Picta
• Pugnax
• Waseri
• Akarensis
• Foerschi
• Patoti-Unimaculata

If you’re a Betta fish fanatic, you would know that these groups have several different Betta fishes. And every fish is equally appealing to the eye and deserves to be in your aquarium.

Betta Fin Rot Causes

Betta fin rot causes can be traced to any one of a range of bacteria or fungus. And where do those come from? Dirty Water!

Clean water is the single most important factor in keeping your betta fish healthy.

Interestingly, many diseases in both humans and animals can be linked back to poor hygiene. Cleanliness and fresh food is often more important than any medicine!

When the cause of fin rot is a fungus, it produces a whiteness on your Betta’s fins and rots the tail in a more even pattern.

A bacterial infection causes the tail to rot in a more ragged manner.

Fin rot is most prevalent among fish kept in unfiltered tanks or bowls. The reason is that your pet is being forced to swim in water that is contaminated by its own feces which is essentially ammonia.

This disease rarely infects healthy fish living in good conditions, but weak immune system and poorly kept aquariums are not the only causes of tail and fin root.

It can for instance be caused by injuries and other fish nipping the fins or just generally bullying them;
all this weakens the fish, puts it under stress and leaves it much more susceptible to tail and fin rot. This means that it isn’t very hard to prevent or at least minimize the risk of tail or fin rot in your aquarium.

All you have to do is to keep the aquarium clean, the fish healthy and well fed, and only combine fish that get along well. It is important to determine the cause of the disease when treating it and rectify the problem. Otherwise the disease might return within a short time.

Here are the main causes of betta fin rot:elevated nitrate and/or nitrite levels (The ammonia and nitrite levels should be at 0 ppm [parts per million] and nitrate should be under 20 ppm, maximum.)fluctuating water temperaturesfluctuating water pH levelsfin-nipping by tankmatesinjury of a fin in a water that isn’t clean enough to avoid infection of the injured fin

Poor diet exposure to toxins. Keeping your betta too cold and/or overfeeding your fish (extra food causes growth of bacteria that commonly causes fin rot).

Fin rot often only manifests itself in one or two fish at once and it is not particularly contagious, adding more weight to the theory that a weakened immune system is required for the disease to take hold.

Betta Fish Breeding

Before even considering betta fish breeding one of the most important things to remember is that older females may not produce eggs or be to weak for the male. The good news is that in captivity the betta splenden is one of the easiest fish to breed assuming you have the correct water conditions, and tank set up.

Even if your a complete novice just by following some basic  rules you should be able to easily breed healthy, gorgeous betta fish. Perhaps the most difficult challenges you will find is in trying to grow your fry. The fry will typically stay in their bubble nest for approximately 36 hours as their gills develop,

You will notice about 2 days later the fry emerging from the bubble nest. The father will begin scooping up the young that are sinking to the bottom and bringing them to the surface. When you first notice that the babies are swimming on their own (not just hanging) but freely moving horizontally you must remove the father otherwise he may begin eating the fry.

Be very careful to not net the fry as you do this as they can be very difficult to see. The best approach is to lure the male away from the nest before trying to net him. Once he has been successfully removed be sure he has clean water.

Water Conditions

The optimum temperature for breeding betta fish is about 28 degrees Celsius (82F), however many breeders have achieved great results with temperatures in the 84F degree range It is highly recommended that you also have the cover plate in place to create a humid air space above the surface of the water.

It is not unusual to notice the occasional dead fry so don’t be alarmed if you find a few of them dead.  Many hatch to weak or malformed to survive the initial 10 days. If on the other hand you notice a large amount of dead frys or see them dying daily, than you have a problem that must be corrected immediately.  Either there is a problem your water conditions or a disease and harmful bacteria may be present.
If you would like to find out more about the proper way to breed betta fish sign up for our free 12 part mini course that will show you how to breed, happy healthy betta’s that you can enjoy for many years to come.

My Recent Betta Spawns


Picture in your mind what the perfect fish should look like.
This perfect fish has all the good features & none of the bad features.
You can’t get there from here if you don’t know where you’re going.

Breeders Rules

1) Do not breed two fish that have the same bad feature – the fry will be twice as bad.
2) Always breed the best male to the best female unless it violates rule #1.
3) When in doubt follow rule #2


If you don’t care where you end up then you ain’t lost. Ignore the rules


I do sell some of my show quality bettas. I sell my bettas for $35/pr with free USPS priority mail shipping and a 40 hour heat pack at no extra charge. A second female is available for an additional $10. Over night shipping is only $15 more.

Currently I have a limited number of pairs from the following spawns.


Platinum Whites


Red, orange or gold dragons


Single & Double Tail Black & red, Orange Cambodian & Yellow


Spring Spawns – Available in August

Talking About Breeding Betta Fish

The best breeding fish are between six months and a year. During the courtship time of the male betta fish he continually makes funny bubbles on the top of the aquarium; this is just his way of making a nest. The male betta fish when in the wild makes bubble nests so that when the female happens by he does his tribal dance with his fins flashing to suitably impress her, when she is suitably so impressed she will spawn after which he will fertilise the eggs.



It is highly recommended that you purchase a breeding tank if you wish to breed betta fish. A ten gallon bare bottomed tank will be sufficient, but if necessary you can do it with a smaller tank. It is not a complicated chore, but you should condition your betta fish before the breeding commences. This is simply introducing them to live foods.

Introductions are necessary and to do this you must place your bettas in adjoining containers or purchase special tank dividers so that they can see each other without coming into contact. Don’t want them disgracing themselves on their first date do we 🙂

The male will be doing all the one liners whilst the female will turn her back on him in disgust – playing hard to get really, that is of course unless he is really handsome devil. This usually lasts between 3 and 5 days, sometimes a little longer. When they have got to know each other you can put them together in the same tank.

Don’t forget that betta fish like shallow water, so the water should only be about 5 inches deep. In order to help the male make his bubble nest is to put a large leaf in the tank. The pH level should be around 7.0 and the temperature slightly higher than 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

The breeding tank should be about 5 inches deep. Place a large leaf or a piece of foam in it to aid the male in building the bubble nest. When you are selecting the pair of fish you want to breed, take into consideration your favourite shaped fish and its colour that appeals to you. Also take into consideration that the male should be larger than the female and have lots of energy and the more vibrant the colour the better. You will know when the male is ready; he starts to make the bubble nest. The female can lay upwards of 500 eggs and you will notice when she is ready, her stomach will distend and will culminate at the ovipositor – this is the white egg spot that protrudes from the abdomen. When you see vertical stripes on her flanks you will know that she is ready to lay the eggs. If they are horizontal stripes it will mean that she feeling stressful.

It should only take the male betta about 1 or 2 days to blow his bubble nest. Make sure there is a hiding place for the female so that she can make herself scarce after she lays her eggs. Place plants in the tank and this will provide shelter for her. The reason she needs this hiding place is because the male can become very aggressive during the courtship. Typical of us men really 🙂

The two of them circle each other under the bubble nest during the courtship, the male displaying his intense colouring and puffing his fins out to make himself more enticing. For the female to have her fins frayed an losing a few scales is not unusual during the spawning period.

The female will turn over and the male will literally wrap himself around her as she lays her eggs. The female is apt to become sluggish and lethargic, floating to the surface, so don’t be alarmed. This laying her eggs is an exhausting job. The female takes a while to finish the process and this will happen a few times before the job is done. The eggs being fertilised will sink to the bottom. This is when the male will take over and scoop up the eggs in his mouth in order to carry them up to the bubble nest. It is the male who will then become broody and look after his young.

The eggs are fertilized and will sink to the bottom of the tank. Then being the perfect dad he will pick the eggs up in his mouth and place them tenderly into his bubble nest. That’s it; interlude over it was their ‘Brief Encounter’. If the female doesn’t then turn tail and get out of there as quick as possible, the male, just like the female black widow spider will turn on her male partner, the male betta will turn on the female. It is the male beta who cares for the eggs until they hatch, after which he may or may not choose to devour some of his young, so much for being the perfect dad!!

As soon as the mating is over you must remove the female and return her to her own tank or partition of the tank. Please be careful when you do this so that you don’t disturb the nest. It is whilst he is tending to his young that he will show greater aggression to the female. If any of the eggs fall out of the nest the male will scoop them back up and return them to the nest. Within a couple of days the eggs will hatch and the fry (young fish) will hang from the nest with their tails pointing downwards. The fry will live on the yolk sack of their eggs for another couple of days. If they fall out of the nest, just as when they were eggs, the male will scoop them up and put them back.

It takes the fry 3 or 4 days to start swimming, it is when they start to swim freely that you should remove the male or he will EAT THEM. The fry will need feeding twice a day, you can get a supply of baby brine shrimp or a very fine baby food called Daphnia from your pet stores. Alternatively you can feed them a dry mixture called Tetra. Tetra is designed for egg-laying fish, but is very good for the fry. This can also be got from your pet store.

At 2 weeks old you can start changing the water, but be extra careful because they are still very small and fragile. Remember they are still very small and fragile. Remember to be extra careful because fish or a very fine baby food called Daphnia from your pet shop.

You can also feed them Tetra. Tetra is normally for egg-laying fish, but is very good for fry. When the fry reach 2 weeks you can begin small water changes but do be careful as the fry are still very small. Remember that you must never over-feed your fish as the water will become foul very quickly and can be lethal to your fry.